Introduction - Non-Gonococcal Urethritis
Non-Gonococcal Urethritis is a condition of inflammation in the urethra. It is termed "non-gonococcal" owing to its diagnoses that cannot find or conclude an infection in the gonorrhea. There are a number of causes, which makes for a possible case of NGU, and they belong to either bacterial, viral, parasitic or noninfectious sources (which makes it a bit comparable to legionellosis). Doctors carry out the diagnosis process using an initial step to confirm what sort of urethritis it is.
The first steps of diagnosis includes a careful check for the presence of Gram's stain which is a urethral discharge suggesting the presence of gonorrhea. This is a step that is easily carried out for urethritis cases in men, and the organism that effects into the health condition is distinctive in appearance. However, for anatomical reasons there are certain difficulties to confirm gonohrreal infection in women. This is the historical basis for which the need to test a non-gonorrheal case of urethritis came up.
After the lab-tests when presence of no gonorrheal infection is found, a person is diagnosed with NGU; out of which majority of the cases happen to be termed as Chlamydia. 25 - 55 percent of NGU cases occur through a bacterium that is categorized as a pathogenic bacterial genus. Although most often sexually transmitted, it may have a number of other causes to effect into an NGU in males as well as females.
Typical symptoms of NGU include severe pain and burning sensation while discharging urine. There might also be a cloudy discharge which effects into the need for urinating frequently. In men, the symptoms mostly relate to itching, burning, tenderness and instances of staining in the underwear. In case of women, there is not much difference, although symptoms can progress to a stage of pelvic inflammatory diseases.
There have been instances when the term NGU has been used alternatively as Non-specific Urethritis (or NSU), especially in the UK. Treatments however pertain to similar methods followed across the world. Every case of NGU/NSU needs a dose of proper antibiotics as should be decided by the doctor. A number of reasons, including sexual contact, can cause NGU. Antibiotic medication is therefore possible to be used in a broad based way as well. However, a number of factors that decide the choice of antibiotics include strain of the ureaplasma.
Patients would be advised to visit a doctor as long as symptoms persist, even in a mild form. NGU patients, who are diagnosed early, often get relieved much faster than those who may take longer owing to growth of the disease. Complications can also concern fertility, skin problems, especially in women, when left untreated. It is advisable to visit a specialist in the field of urethritis and related diseases in order to get a proper diagnosis done.